Arborescent shrub or small tree to 7 m, with glabrous or villous, thorny twigs; lvs glabrous to strigose or short-villous on one or both sides when young, firm, dull or sometimes shiny, the veins tending to be impressed on the upper surface, the blade elliptic or suborbicular to rhombic or broadly obovate or ovate, 2-9 נ1.5-6 cm, rounded to obtuse or acutish at the tip, generally with several pairs of rather shallow lateral lobes; petiole 1/4 to 2/3 as long as the blade, glabrous or slightly glandular; fls 1.2-2 cm wide, in glabrous or slightly villous compound cymes; fr dark or bright red to rarely yellow, tending to become mellow or succulent, 0.8-1.5 cm thick, with 3-5 nutlets. Nf. and Que. to N.Y., Pa. and Va., w. to Man. and Mo., and in the Rocky Mts. (C. brunetiana; C. dodgei; C. faxonii; C. irrasa; C. jackii; C. jonesiae; C. margaretta; C. mercerensis; C. oakesiana; C. rotundifolia Moench, not Lam.)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.