Glabrous or rarely short-hairy, 2-6 dm; lvs ±numerous, firm, linear or nearly so, the lowest small and subsheathing, the next longer, 10-25 cm נ2-12 mm, the rest reduced upward; heads few or even solitary, stiffly pedunculate or sessile; invol 11-20 mm, broadly cylindric or cylindric-campanulate, its bracts firm, appressed or a little loose, generally broadly rounded and shortly mucronate, occasionally more tapering or without the mucro; fls 10-35 per head, the cor-lobes coarsely hairy within; pappus evidently plumose; 2n=20. Dry, open places; w. N.Y. and s. Ont. to s. O., n. Ind., Mich., and Minn., s. to Mo. and irregularly to Tenn. and Ala. July-Sept.
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.
Local in northern Indiana on open sand hills and dunes and near Lake Michigan on dry interdunal flats. It was reported by Schneck as rare in prairies in the Lower Wabash Valley but since the Indiana side of the Wabash River has no real prairies in the territory where Dr. Schneck collected, I believe that his report should go to the Illinois side of the river.