Plains Flat Sedge
Gordon C. Tucker*, Brian G. Marcks* & J. Richard Carter * in Flora of North America (vol. 23)
Herbs, perennial, cespitose, rhizomatous; base cormlike; rhizomes scaly, 12 cm × 2 mm. Culms trigonous, 20-55 cm × 1.2-11.8 mm, glabrous. Leaves V-shaped, 12-30 cm × 2-3 mm. Inflorescences: heads digitate, 12-20 mm diam.; rays 7-12, 1-13 cm; 2d order rays 1-3 cm (sometimes absent); bracts 3-5, longest ± erect, V-shaped, 5-12(-18) cm × 2-3 mm. Spikelets (8-)20-30, linear-lanceoloid, compressed, 5-10(-14) × 1.4-1.7 mm; floral scales (8-)16-26, laterally brown to reddish brown, medially green, laterally 1-ribbed, medially 3-ribbed, broadly elliptic, 2-2.5 × 1.2-1.6 mm, apex with slightly excurved cusp 0.2-0.3 mm. Flowers: stamens 3; anthers 1 mm, connective apex reddish, subulate, 0.1 mm; styles 1-1.5 mm; stigmas 1.5 mm. Achenes white to light brown, sessile, ellipsoid, 0.7-0.8 × 0.25-0.35 mm, apex obtuse, apiculate, surfaces puncticulate.
Fruiting early summer (May-Jun). Permanent pools and wet swales between sand dunes; of conservation concern; 1200 m; Tex.
Cyperus onerosus is apparently restricted to Andrews and Winkler counties in Texas.
This interesting endemic is most similar to Cyperus dentatus; it lacks tubers and apparently is not proliferous.
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