Lateral spikes pistillate, perigynia overlapping, attached 3-6 mm apart. Pistillate scales with hyaline margins white or pale, apex usually blunt to acute, rarely cuspidate. Perigynia fusiform, 5.5-8.7 mm, apex tapering gradually to elongate beak, nearly 1/2 length of perigynium. 2n = 52, 54, 55, 56. Fruiting early-mid summer. Edges, openings, paths and stream banks in mesic deciduous forest, floodplain forests, meadows, wet prairies, and roadsides, usually on soils with pH below 6; less tham 500 m; Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va. Most specimens of Carex debilis var. debilis have glabrous perigynia, but those with pubescent perigynia occur sporadically through the eastern part of its range, usually in mixed populations with the glabrous form. This southern variety extends north along the coastal plain to Nantucket Island, Massachusetts and occurs sporadically in Michigan and Ohio along with other coastal plain disjuncts. Occasional sterile hybrids with C. venusta have been confirmed in Florida, North Carolina, and New Jersey and observed in South Carolina and Virginia.
From Flora of Indiana (1940) by Charles C. Deam
Infrequent in southern Indiana, principally in the southeastern counties, where it is found in low wet woods, especially flat or even swampy pin oak and beech-sweet gum woods. It is not known in Indiana from the habitat ascribed to it by Mackenzie ("dry woods and copses," N. Amer. Flora 18: 290. 1935).