Authors: Kenneth L. Cole

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Families: 42
Genera: 90
Species: 105
Total Taxa (details): 105
Acacia greggii - Long-Flower Catclaw
[Acacia greggii var. arizonicas, Senegalia greggii]
Ecotones between rocky woodlands and deeper soil grasslands., Common
[Acarospora contigua]
Gravelly bare ground
Agave parryi - Parry's Century-Plant
[Agave americana var. latifolia]
Arabis perennans - Perennial Rockcress
[Arabis angulata, Arabis arcuata var. perennans, Arabis eremophila, Arabis gracilenta, Arabis recondita, Boechera perennans]
Arctostaphylos pungens - Mexican Manzanita
[Arctostaphylos chaloneorum, Arctostaphylos pseudopungens, Arctostaphylos pungens subsp. chaloneorum, Arctostaphylos pungens var. chaloneorum, Arctostaphylos pungens var. claloneorum, Arctostaphylos pungens var. mexicana]
Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, Frequent
Aristida fendleriana - Fendler's threeawn
[Aristida fasciculata var. fendleriana, Aristida longiseta var. fendleriana, Aristida purpurea var. fendleri, Aristida purpurea var. fendleriana]
Frequent
Aristida purpurea - Purple Three-Awn
[Aristida aequiramea, Aristida purpurea var. capillarifolia, Aristida purpurea var. micrantha]
Artemisia ludoviciana - White Sagebrush
[Artemisia ghiesbreghtii, Artemisia muelleri, Artemisia platyphylla, Artemisia rhizomata var. pabularis, Cacalia runcinata]
In shade beside trees and shrubs, common
Aster commutatus - white prairie aster
[Aster commutatus var. polycephalus, Aster cordineri, Aster ericoides var. commutatus, Aster falcatus subsp. commutatus, Aster falcatus var. commutatus, Aster multiflorus var. commutatus, Aster nahanniensis, Symphyotrichum falcatum var. commutatum]
Spreading on disturbed areas, Infrequent
Berberis haematocarpa - Red Oregon-Grape
[Mahonia haematocarpa]
Chaparral, Common
[Aristida unilateralis, Atheropogon aristidioides, Bouteloua ciliata, Dinebra aristidoides, Dinebra hirsuta]
Pinyon Juniper Woodland, slickrock, Abundant in early wet summer, rare in dry summer
Bouteloua barbata - Six-Weeks Grama
[Bouteloua arenosa, Bouteloua micrantha, Bouteloua microstachya, Bouteloua polystachya var. polystachya, Chondrosum barbata, Chondrosum exile, Chondrosum microstachyum, Chondrosum polystachyum, Chondrosum subscorpioides]
P/J Woodland, slickrock,, Abundant in early wet summer, rare in dry summer
Bouteloua curtipendula - Side-Oats Grama
[Andropogon curtipendulus, Aristida secunda, Bouteloua brasiliensis, Bouteloua curtipendula var. aristosa, Bouteloua meliciformis, Bouteloua melicoides, Bouteloua racemosa, Bouteloua racemosa var. aristosa, Chloris secunda, Cynodon curtipendulus, Cynodon melicoides, Cynosurus secundus, Dinebra curtipendula, Dinebra melicoides, Dinebra secunda]
Grassland, Abundant, Thrives in silty soil over 20 cm deep where gophers prosper. Gophers remove most tree seedlings and succulents, preserving open grassland.
[Atheropogon gracilis, Atheropogon oligostachyus, Bouteloua gracilis f. pallida, Bouteloua gracilis var. major, Bouteloua gracilis var. stricta, Bouteloua major, Bouteloua oligostachya, Bouteloua oligostachya var. major, Bouteloua oligostachya var. pallida, Bouteloua stricta, Chondrosum gracile, Chondrosum gracile var. polystachyum, Chondrosum oligostachyum]
Grassland, shallow soils, Common
[Brodiaea capitata var. pauciflora, Brodiaea pulchella, Dichelostemma capitatum subsp. capitatum, Dichelostemma lacuna-vernalis, Dichelostemma pulchellum, Dichelostemma pulchellum var. capitatum, Hookera pulchella]
Grassland, Frequent after wet winter
Bromus rubens - Red Brome
[Anisantha rubens, Bromus madritensis subsp. rubens, Bromus matritensis subsp. rubens, Bromus scoparius var. rubens, Festuca rubens, Zerna rubens]
All, Dominant after wet winter
Bromus tectorum - Cheat Grass
[Anisantha tectorum, Bromus longipilus, Bromus nutans, Bromus setaceus, Bromus tectorum f. nudus, Bromus tectorum var. glabratus, Bromus tectorum var. hirsutus, Bromus tectorum var. nudus, Bromus tectorum var. tectorum, Schedonorus tectorum, Zerna tectorum]
All, Dominant after wet winter
Calochortus flexuosus - Winding Mariposa-Lily
P/J woodland, rocky soil, Frequent during wet winter, Rabbits/packrats eat flowering stems when not protected
Canotia holacantha - Crucifixion-Thorn
PJ Woodland, chaparral, Frequent on exposed aspects
Castilleja angustifolia - Northwestern Indian-Paintbrush
[Castilleja bennittii, Castilleja buffumii, Castilleja subcinerea]
[Castilleja clokeyi, Castilleja collina, Castilleja gyroloba, Castilleja helleri, Castilleja pyramidalis, Castilleja roseana]
PJ Woodland, Rooted deep in rocks
Ceanothus greggii - Desert Ceanothus
PJ Woodland, Chaparral, Common
Celtis reticulata - Net-Leaf Hackberry
[Celtis laevigata var. reticulata]
PJ Woodland in shaded places, Infrequent
Cercocarpus ledifolius - Curl-Leaf Mountain-Mahogany
[Cercocarpus intermontanus]
PJ Woodland, Common on shaded aspects
Comandra umbellata - Bastard-Toadflax
[Comandra umbellata var. umbellata]
Chaparral, in shade under shrubs, Infrequent
Cordylanthus parviflorus - Purple Bird's-Beak
[Cordylanthus glandulosus]
Grassland, Common
Cupressus arizonica - Arizona cypress
[Cupressus arizonica var. bonita, Hesperocyparis arizonica]
PJ woodland, Infrequent, Some saplings may have seeded from horticultural plantings, although native stands exist nearby.
Dalea formosa - Featherplume
[Parosela formosa]
Slickrock, Abundant
Delphinium scaposum - Bare-Stem Larkspur
[Delphinium andersonii var. scaposum]
Chaparral, Under Acacia greggii, Flowers only after wet winter, Flowering stems eaten by rabbits/packrats if not protected by shrubby vegetation.
[Echinocereus decumbens, Echinocereus engelmannii var. decumbens]
Rocky Habitats, Frequent, Eaten by gophers in deep soil
[Elaeagnus angustifolia var. angustifolia, Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis, Elaeagnus angustifolia var. spinosa, Elaeagnus hortensis, Elaeagnus hortensis var. songorica]
Disturbed, Invading
Ephedra viridis - Mormon-Tea
Slickrock, Common
Eragrostis spectabilis - Petticoat-Climber
[Eragrostis geyeri, Eragrostis pectinacea var. spectabilis, Eragrostis spectabilis var. sparsihirsuta, Eragrostis spectabilis var. spectabilis, Eragrostis velutina, Megastachya spectabilis, Poa hirsuta var. spectabilis, Poa spectabilis]
Moist drainage, Rare
Ericameria laricifolia - Turpentine-Bush
[Bigelowia nelsonii, Haplopappus laricifolius]
Ravines on north side of Chimney Rock, Rare
Erigeron divergens - Spreading Fleabane
[Erigeron divergens var. typicus]
Disturbed areas, Abundant
Eriodictyon angustifolium - Narrow-Leaf Yerba-Santa
[Eriodictyon angustifolium var. amplifolium]
Chaparral, Infrequent, Common on exposed ridges
Eriogonum wrightii - Bastard-Sage
[Eriogonum helianthemifolium, Eriogonum trachygonum]
Grassland, Abundant, Quickly invades disturbed areas
Erodium cicutarium - Red-Stem Stork's-Bill
[Geranium cicutarium]
Grassland, Disturbed areas, Abundant
[Coryphantha arizonica, Coryphantha bisbeeana, Coryphantha fragrans, Coryphantha neomexicana, Coryphantha radiosa, Coryphantha rosea, Coryphantha vivipara var. arizonica, Coryphantha vivipara var. bisbeeana, Coryphantha vivipara var. kaibabensis, Coryphantha vivipara var. neomexicana, Coryphantha vivipara var. radiosa, Coryphantha vivipara var. rosea, Coryphantha vivipara var. vivipara, Escobaria vivipara var. arizonica, Escobaria vivipara var. bisbeeana, Escobaria vivipara var. kaibabensis, Escobaria vivipara var. neomexicana, Escobaria vivipara var. radiosa, Escobaria vivipara var. rosea, Escobaria vivipara var. vivipara, Mammillaria arizonica, Mammillaria neomexicana, Mammillaria radiosa, Mammillaria vivipara, Mammillaria vivipara var. arizonica, Mammillaria vivipara var. borealis, Mammillaria vivipara var. neomexicana, Mammillaria vivipara var. radiosa]
Rocky areas, Frequent, Eaten by packrats on rocks, gophers remove from deep soil
Fendlera rupicola - Cliff Fendlerbush
[Fendlera rupicola var. falcata]
Juniper/Pinyon chaparral, Common along NE Slope drainages
Forestiera pubescens - Stretchberry
[Adelia pubescens]
[Forestiera acuminata var. parviflora, Forestiera neomexicana, Forestiera neomexicana var. arizonica, Forestiera pubescens var. neomexicana, Forestiera pubescens var. pubescens, Forestiera sphaerocarpa]
Chaparral, PJ Woodland, Abundant
Rocky South Slopes, Common, Grows only on sunny exposed slopes above cold air drainage.
Fraxinus anomala - Single-Leaf Ash
[Fraxinus lowellii]
NE slope of Chimney Rock Butte in Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, common, Grows as a tall shrub, 2-3 meters high, unless protected from deer browsing as a sapling.
Garrya wrightii - Wright's Silktassel
PJ Woodland, Chaparral, Frequent
Gaura coccinea - Scarlet Evening-Primrose
[Gaura coccinea var. arizonica, Gaura coccinea var. epilobioides, Gaura coccinea var. glabra, Gaura coccinea var. parvifolia, Gaura coccinea var. typica, Gaura glabra, Gaura odorata, Oenothera suffrutescens]
Disturbed areas, Infrequent
Grindelia squarrosa - Curly-Cup Gumweed
[Grindelia arguta, Grindelia squarrosa var. grandiflora]
Disturbed areas
[Brachyris divaricata, Gutierrezia divaricata, Gutierrezia diversifolia, Gutierrezia euthamiae, Gutierrezia filifolia, Gutierrezia globosa, Gutierrezia greenei, Gutierrezia haenkei, Gutierrezia lepidota, Gutierrezia linearifolia, Gutierrezia linearis, Gutierrezia linoides, Gutierrezia longipappa, Gutierrezia myriocephala, Gutierrezia sarothrae var. pomariensis, Gutierrezia tenuis, Solidago sarothrae, Xanthocephalum sarothrae, Xanthocephalum sarothrae var. pomariense, Xanthocephalum tenue]
All, Dominant
Haplopappus gracilis - Grass-Leaf Sleepy Daisy
[Dieteria gracilis, Haplopappus ravenii, Machaeranthera gracilis, Sideranthus gracilis, Xanthisma gracile, Xanthisma gracilis]
Disturbed Areas, Common
Helianthus petiolaris - Prairie Sunflower
All, Common, Invades/sprouts in disturbed areas
Hymenopappus filifolius - Fine-Leaf Woollywhite
Rocky exposed, Infrequent
Hymenothrix loomisii - Loomis' Thimblehead
All, Frequent
Ipomoea cristulata - Trans-Pecos Morning-Glory
[Quamoclit gracilis]
Rocky areas, Infrequent
[Juniperus coahuilensis var. arizonica]
Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, Common
Juniperus monosperma - One-Seed Juniper
[Juniperus occidentalis var. gymnocarpa, Juniperus occidentalis var. monosperma, Sabina monosperma]
Deeper soils, Infrequent, May have spread from nearby horticultural plantings, Native stands nearby.
[Juniperus californica subsp. osteosperma, Juniperus californica var. osteosperma, Juniperus californica var. osterosperma, Juniperus californica var. utahensis, Juniperus knighti, Juniperus knightii, Juniperus megalocarpa, Juniperus monosperma var. knightii, Juniperus occidentalis var. utahensis, Juniperus utahensis, Juniperus utahensis var. megalocarpa, Sabina osteosperma, Sabina utahensis]
Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, Dominant
Lepidium densiflorum - Miner's Pepperwort
All, Abundant in spring
Lepidium lasiocarpum - Hairy-Pod Pepperwort
All, Abundant in spring
Lesquerella gordonii - Gordon's Bladderpod
[Lesquerella gordonii var. densifolia, Physaria gordonii, Physaria gordonii subsp. gordonii, Vesicaria gordonii]
Exposed, Rare
Lesquerella purpurea - rose bladderpod
[Lesquerella purpurea subsp. foliosa]
Mossy areas, Abundant after wet winter
Linanthus aureus - Golden Perennial Gily-Flower
[Leptosiphon aureus, Leptosiphon chrysanthus]
Sandy areas, Abundant after wet winter
Lupinus brevicaulis - Short-Stem Lupine
[Lupinus brevicaluis, Lupinus dispersus, Lupinus scaposus]
Sandy areas, Frequent after wet winter
Gravely areas, Common
Melampodium leucanthum - Plains Blackfoot
Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, Frequent on rocky slopes, Eaten by gophers on deep soils
Menodora scabra - Rough Menodora
[Menodora scabra var. glabrescens, Menodora scabra var. laevis, Menodora scabra var. longituba, Menodora scabra var. ramosissima, Menodora scoparia]
Mirabilis multiflora - Colorado Four-O'clock
[Oxybaphus multiflorus]
Rocky soils, Frequent, Lush flowering after wet spring and again in summer
Nicotiana glauca - Tree Tobacco
[Siphaulax glabra]
Rare
Nolina microcarpa - Sacahuista Bear-Grass
Exposed slopes, Frequent
Oenothera albicaulis - White-Stem Evening-Primrose
[Anogra albicaulis, Oenothera ctenophylla]
All, Abundant after wet winter
Opuntia engelmannii - Cactus-Apple
[Opuntia subarmata]
Rocky areas, Common
Opuntia whipplei - Rat-Tail Cholla
[Cylindropuntia hualpaensis, Cylindropuntia whipplei, Opuntia whipplei var. enodis, Opuntia whipplei var. whipplei]
All, Frequent, Infrequently grows as a 1-1.5 m tall cholla. More frequently produces sprawling (20-30 cm high) growth unless protected from packrats until over 30 cm high.
Orthocarpus purpurascens - exserted Indian paintbrush
[Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta, Orthocarpus exsertus, Orthocarpus prupuracens, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. pallidus, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. palmeri, Orthocarpus purpurascens var. purpurascens]
Grassland, Abundant after wet winter
[Parthenium ramosissimum]
Exposed slopes
Penstemon eatonii - Eaton's Firecracker
Rocky, Common
Penstemon palmeri - Scented Beardtongue
All, Common
[Acourtia wrightii, Perezia arizonica]
Rocky, Infrequent
Phacelia distans - Distant Scorpion-Weed
[Phacelia cinerea, Phacelia distans var. australis]
PJ Woodland, Abundant under junipers after wet winter
Physalis hederaefolia - Ivy-Leaf Ground-Cherry
[Physalis hederaefolia var. puberula, Physalis hederifolia, Physalis hederifolia var. puberula]
PJ Woodland, In shade under trees
Pinus edulis - Two-Needle Pinyon
[Pinus cembroides var. edulis, Pinus edulis var. edulis, Pinus monophylla var. edulis]
Pinus edulis var. fallax - singleleaf pinyon
[Pinus monophylla var. fallax]
Pinyon/Juniper chaparral, Dominant, Needles fascicles range from 95% two-needled to 95% one-needled
Poa
Poa fendleriana - Mutton Grass
[Atropis fendleriana, Panicularia fendleriana, Puccinellia fendleriana, Uralepis poaeoides]
Slickrock, Common
Populus fremontii - Fremont cottonwood
[Populus macdougallii]
Wet, Infrequent, Seeds in new wet areas
Prosopis velutina - Velvet Mesquite
[Neltuma velutina, Prosopis chilensis var. velutina, Prosopis juliflora var. velutina]
Grassland, Infrequent
Ptelea trifoliata - Common Hoptree
PJ, Chaparral, Infrequent on higher shaded slopes
Purshia mexicana - Mexican Cliff-Rose
[Cowania mexicana, Cowania mexicana var. dubia, Cowania mexicana var. mexicana]
Chaparral, Infrequent
Quercus turbinella - Arizona shrub oak
[Quercus dumosa var. turbinella, Quercus subturbinella]
Chaparral, Dominant
[Rhamnus crocea subsp. ilicifolia, Rhamnus crocea var. ilicifolia]
Chaparral, Frequent
Rhus trilobata - skunkbush sumac
[Rhus aromatica subsp. trilobata, Rhus aromatica var. trilobata, Rhus trilobata var. anisophylla, Rhus trilobata var. quinata, Rhus trilobata var. racemulosa, Rhus trilobata var. serotina, Rhus trilobata var. trilobata, Schmaltzia trilobata]
Chaparral, Slickrock, Common
Sanvitalia abertii - Albert's Creeping-Zinnia
All, Frequent in wet summer
Senecio flaccidus - Thread-Leaf Ragwort
[Senecio douglasii var. douglasii]
[Senecio douglasii subsp. longilobus, Senecio douglasii var. jamesii, Senecio douglasii var. longilobus, Senecio filifolius, Senecio filifolius var. jamesii, Senecio longilobus, Senecio regiomontanus]
PJ Woodland, Common
Senecio quercetorum - Oak Creek Groundsel
[Packera quercetorum, Senecio macropus]
PJ Woodland, Infrequent, Found in shade under Junipers
Setaria leucopila - Streambed Bristle Grass
[Chaetochloa leucopila, Setaria commutata]
Shady disturbed areas
Solanum elaeagnifolium - Silver-Leaf Nightshade
[Solanum flavidum]
Disturbed, Invades disturbed areas, then spread by birds
Sphaeralcea parvifolia - Small-Leaf Globe-Mallow
[Sphaeralcea arizonica]
All, Frequent
Sporobolus airoides - Alkali-Sacaton
[Agrostis airoides, Sporobolus diffusissimus, Vilfa airoides]
Grassland, Dominant, Thrives in silty soil over 20 cm deep where gophers prosper. Gophers remove most tree seedlings and succulents, preserving open grassland.
[Agrostis cryptandra, Sporobolus cryptandrus subsp. fuscicola, Sporobolus cryptandrus subsp. fuscicolor, Sporobolus cryptandrus var. fuscicola, Sporobolus cryptandrus var. involutus, Sporobolus cryptandrus var. occidentalis, Sporobolus cryptandrus var. typicus, Sporobolus cryptandrus var. vaginatus, Sporobolus subinclusus, Sporobolus subinclusus var. expansus, Vilfa cryptandra, Vilfa tenacissima var. fuscicolor, Vilfa triniana]
Grassland, Frequent
Tetraneuris acaulis - Stemless Four-Nerve Daisy
[Actinella eradiata, Hymenoxys acaulis]
Rocky exposed slopes, Common
Thlaspi montanum - alpine pennycress
[Noccaea cochleariformis, Noccaea montana, Thlaspi cochleariforme, Thlaspi montanum var. montanum]
All, Common
Thymophylla acerosa - American Pricklyleaf
[Dyssodia acerosa, Dyssodia fusca]
Rocky exposed slopes, Common
Tribulus terrestris - Puncturevine
Disturbed, Infrequent, Common near mountain bike routes
Tridens pilosus - Hairy Woolly Grass
[Erioneuron pilosum, Sieglingia acuminata, Sieglingia pilosa, Tricuspis acuminata, Tricuspis pilosa, Triodia acuminata, Uralepis pilosa]
Slickrock
Tridens pulchellus - False Fluff Grass
[Dasyochloa pulchella, Erioneuron pulchellum, Koeleria pulchella, Sieglingia pulchella, Sieglingia pulchella var. parviflora, Tricuspis pulchella, Triodia pulchella, Uralepis pulchella]
Slickrock and moss, Common
Uropappus lindleyi - Lindley's False Silverpuffs
[Microseris lindleyi, Microseris linearifolia, Microseris macrochaeta, Uropappus lindleyi var. lindleyi, Uropappus linearifolius]
Grassland, Abundant after wet winter
Verbena bipinnatifida - Dakota mock vervain
[Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida, Verbena ambrosiifolia, Verbena bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida, Verbena bipinnatifida var. latilobata, Verbena ciliata, Verbena ciliata var. longidentata, Verbena ciliata var. pubera, Verbena demareei, Verbena pubera]
PJ Woodland, Rocky soils, Common in partial shade
Xanthisma spinulosum - Lacy Sleepy Daisy
[Amellus spinulosus, Aster pinnatifidus, Dieteria spinulosa, Diplopappus pinnatifidus, Eriocarpum australe, Eriocarpum spinulosum, Eriocarpum wootonii, Haplopappus coulteri, Haplopappus spinulosus, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. australis, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. cotulus, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. glaberrimus, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. incisifolius, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. laevis, Haplopappus spinulosus subsp. spinulosus, Haplopappus spinulosus var. canescens, Haplopappus spinulosus var. glaber, Haplopappus spinulosus var. glaberrimus, Haplopappus spinulosus var. turbinellus, Haplopappus texensis, Machaeranthera australis, Machaeranthera laevis, Machaeranthera pinnata, Machaeranthera pinnatifida, Machaeranthera pinnatifida subsp. pinnatifida, Machaeranthera pinnatifida var. incisifolia, Machaeranthera pinnatifida var. pinnatifida, Machaeranthera texensis, Sideranthus australis, Sideranthus cotula, Sideranthus glaberrimus, Sideranthus laevis, Sideranthus machaeranthera, Sideranthus machaerantherus, Sideranthus puberulus, Sideranthus spinulosus, Sideranthus spinulosus var. glaberrimus, Sideranthus turbinellus, Sideranthus wootonii, Starkea pinnata]
Yucca baccata - Banana Yucca
Rocky areas, Chaparral, Frequent
Yucca elata - Soaptree Yucca
PJ Woodland, Infrequent